Crime travels borders, and is designed to be highly mobile in both the operation as well as the way its perpetrators coordinate and disperse their illegal activity. Its orchestration reaches far beyond prison fences and its influence continues to encourage and foster new recruits into criminal enterprises every day.
This criminal mobility has become a key challenge for police investigation, and combating it requires an integrated approach to modernizing and evolving our global justice agencies. Many police organizations have started to undergo the complex task of consolidating and sharing investigation, back office, and command and dispatch platforms. As they do so, three trends will continue to drive the need for this transformation:
The need for life cycle information on assaults. Finding the correlation between initial criminal events and crime that travels beyond borders is becoming crucial in the prediction and prevention of future crime. Police analysts must be capable of assessing patterns among a much wider police population is in order to support effective police investigation. At the same time, case handlers throughout the criminal justice chain increasingly need to understand complex organizations and the evolution of organized crime. The handling of non-correlated data as well as analysis of structured data will also be crucial for producing real-time data analytics that identify patterns in criminal activity.
A Central Crime Registry (CCR) throughout the chain would create a new paradigm for information assurance and compliance with legal regulations. Beyond silo-driven application access and security, information in the Central Crime Registry will become application-aware, role and location-aware, and context-aware to the data aggregation level. By redefining information object security and claim-based Identity and access management, the CCR will help drive the future of criminal justice transformation.
A system-of-systems approach to dynamic challenges. Police organizations face many domains for case handling that span multiple requirements within very different contexts: organized crime, small crime, gender violence, forensics and investigative policing, digital crime, and accidents and events. The wide range of design requirements, as well as the multitude of government and non-government organizations involved as social care organizations in the domain of family security, will only continue to grow over time. A future platform to support law enforcement must evolve to contribute to ongoing case handling.
Recent insights show justice transformation takes a similar approach to court case handling in function of fraud, bankruptcy, and other specialized domains for prosecution. The future need for a federated system that enables support the entire operation spanning police, magistrates, public attorneys, and legal counselors can only be established in an evolution based on a problem- and process-centric transformation of case management.
Offender-centric case management. Recent modernization initiatives in prison management organizations have created an increased demand for an offender-centric approach to prison management, and we have seen that the risk of radicalization within the prison domain is becoming increasingly top of mind for offender-driven organizations. As both historical behavior and ecosystems are relevant to predictive insights on radicalization, future elements throughout the criminal justice chain will drive a more comprehensive view of crime organizations over time. High recidivism against a strong focus on social rehabilitation will drive new technology frontiers already established by digital track and trace, but even further within the predictive insights of social ecosystem development on non-structured data sources.
The need for federated access to a single crime registry on assaults, the urge for a system of systems approach to all stakeholders in the criminal justice chain (police, justice, courts, and prison), and the need for an offender-centric model for successful rehabilitation will transform the police, justice, and prison case management platforms towards Criminal Justice as a Service (CJaaS) – showcased by rapid crime revolution, increased information handling complexity, and transformative information security and access for public safety and justice organizations.