Solving the quantum many-body problem with artificial neural networks 

1 min read

  Working together, ETH Zurich and Microsoft QuArC researchers have provided the first application of machine-learning techniques to solve outstanding problems in quantum physics. The neural networks used in their study developed a genuine intuition of the bizarre behavior of quantum particles. For example, after the artificial intelligence is trained on the elementary rules of…Read more

Design automation and design space exploration for quantum computers 

1 min read

  A major hurdle for quantum algorithms for linear systems of equations, and for quantum simulation algorithms, is the difficulty to find simple circuits for arithmetic. Prior approaches typically led to a large overhead in terms of quantum memory, required operations, or implementation error. By leveraging recent advances in reversible logic synthesis, Martin Roetteler and…Read more

Common framework for scientific experiments: QCoDeS 

1 min read

  QCoDeS is an open source data acquisition framework that was created by distilling the homegrown solutions used in Station Q’s experimental labs, and infused with all the best practices from the open source software world. It includes a simple syntax to define complex sweeps over n-dimensional parameter space, all the machinery required to visualize…Read more

Transport signatures of quasiparticle poisoning in a Majorana island 

1 min read

As its name implies, the poisoning of Majorana devices by normal electrons is fatal to topological computation, so much effort is now focused on characterizing the degree of poisoning either by the creation of quasiparticle pairs within the device, or by electrons entering the device through the leads. A recent experiment (see https://arxiv.org/abs/1612.05748), led by Sven…Read more

A clear view of emerging and hybridizing Majorana zero modes using epitaxial InAs-Al nanowires 

1 min read

  The first signature of Majorana physics, identified experimentally at TU Delft in 2012, focused on a characteristic conductance peak at zero voltage. It bore many signatures of Majorana zero modes, but had a sizable background signal that obscured how the peak arose out of coalescing Andreev bound states. Recently, Mingtang Deng and a Station…Read more

Normal, superconducting and topological regimes of hybrid double quantum dots 

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  Majorana devices will generally be much more complicated than the single-junction or single quantum dot Majorana devices that have been realized in the literature so far. (See https://arxiv.org/abs/1610.05289 by the Station Q team for examples of complex devices.) Recently, a first step toward complex multi-gated Majorana devices—a Majorana double quantum wire—was realized by Daniel Sherman and…Read more

Anomalous Fraunhofer Interference in Epitaxial Superconductor-Semiconductor Josephson Junctions 

1 min read

  Last year saw a materials breakthrough, with the realization of a two-dimensional heterostructure combining superconductor and semiconductor layers. (See journals.aps.org/prb/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevB.93.15540.) Now, as shown in a recent report, this material has been used to study interference effects controlled by magnetic fields in a Josephson junction made from this material. Anomalous interference reveals properties of the semiconductor in…Read more

Verified compilation of space-efficient reversible circuits 

1 min read

  Generation of reversible circuits from high-level code is an important problem in the compilation flow of quantum algorithms to lower-level hardware. The instantiation of quantum oracles in particular will require mapping classical circuits to a reversible implementation. Existing tools compile and optimize reversible circuits for various metrics, such as the overall circuit size or the…Read more

Double semions in arbitrary dimension 

<1 min read

  In the paper, “Double semions in arbitrary dimension,” published in Communications in Mathematical Physics, Michael Freedman and Matthew Hastings present a new construction of topological phases of matter in higher dimensions, generalizing the double semion theory in two dimensions. This theory is distinct from the Dijkgraaf-Witten model and generalized toric code models. Read the published version….Read more

Training a quantum optimizer 

<1 min read

  In this paper, published in Physical Review A, we show how to greatly improve success at solving Constraint Satisfaction Problems on a quantum computer by using a learned schedule, instead of the standard linear ramps. The technique actually improves as the problem gets larger and more difficult, allowing classical machines to learn optimizations that…Read more

Triple point topological metals 

<1 min read

  Topological materials can yield quasiparticles that behave in a manner similar to elementary particles that are part of the standard model of particle physics. In this paper, published in Physical Review X, we report on a new class of such quasiparticles—triple point fermions—which represent fermions that have mixed properties of Dirac and Weyl fermions….Read more